Judiciary of England and Wales: confidential, mobile communications co-ordination for increased efficiency
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The judiciary also provides a mechanism for the resolution of disputes.
Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the judiciary generally does not make law or enforce law, but rather aligns appropriate sentencing, or indeed acquittal, corresponding to the facts to the facts of each case, as presented by representative parties. This branch of the state is often tasked with ensuring equal justice under law. It usually consists of a court of final appeal (called the “Supreme court” or “Constitutional court”), together with lower courts.
There are various levels of judiciary in England and Wales — different types of courts have different styles of judges. They also form a strict hierarchy of importance, in line with the order of the courts in which they sit, so that judges of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales are generally given more weight than district judges sitting in county courts and magistrates’ courts. At 31 March 2006 there were 1,825 judges in post in England and Wales, most of whom were circuit judges or district judges.